Chief of Army Staff (Bangladesh)



(Chief of Army Staff)


Moeen Uddin Ahmed was a respected army leader in Bangladesh who served as Chief of Army Staff from 2005 to 2009. He was also a Defense Attaché and a UN Peacekeeper. He was the first army chief of staff to be commissioned in the newly formed Bangladesh Military Academy and the first regular four-star general after the liberation war.

During his time as Chief of Army Staff, there was a political crisis in Bangladesh, but he played a role in some positive changes, like introducing a national identity card and activating an anti-corruption bureau. He also helped pave the way towards an independent judiciary.

Although some people were initially happy with the relief from anarchy on the streets, there were concerns about the government’s intentions, especially when General Moeen published books on politics and showed support for a political party. Despite this, General Moeen had a distinguished career in the army and made important contributions to his country.

After stepping down as Army Chief on June 15, 2009, General Moeen departed the country without delay and headed directly to Florida in the United States. He remains there presently.

Born: 21 January 1953

Age: 70

Birthplace: Alipur village, Noakhali, Bangladesh

Spouse: Naznin Moeen


Nihat Ahmed

Sabrina Ahmed

Nationality: Bangladeshi

Branch/service: Bangladesh Army

Years of service: 1975–2009

Unit: East Bengal Regiment


● Chief Instructor of DSCSC

● GOC of 19th Infantry division

● GOC of 24th Infantry Division

● Chief of General Staff (CGS) in Army Headquarters

● 12th Chief of Army Staff


Bangladesh Rifles revolt

Counter Insurgency Operation in Chittagong Hill Tracts, UN Peacekeeping Missions

Preceded by: Lt. Gen. Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury

Succeeded by: Gen. Md Abdul Mubeen

Military Career

Moeen U Ahmed received his preliminary education at Pakistan Air Force College Sargodha in the former West Pakistan, where he belonged to the 16th entry (831 – Fury House) from 1965 to 1970.

On 10 January 1974, Moeen Ahmed began his military career at BMA Comilla, achieving the rank of second lieutenant on 11 January 1975. He received the “Chief of Army Staff’s Cane” from Bangladesh Military Academy and later completed the NDC course as a Lieutenant General.

Throughout his career, Moeen Ahmed served in various roles including Weapon Training Officer, Platoon Commander, and Colonel Staff of an Infantry Division. He also worked as a Directing Staff, senior instructor, and chief instructor at Dhaka’s Defence Services Command and Staff College.

Moeen Ahmed’s dedication and hard work led to his promotion to major-general in 2002 and his appointment as the commander of the 19th and 24th Divisions. In 2004, he was named Chief of General Staff (CGS), and in 2005, he was appointed Chief of Army Staff by then Prime Minister Khaleda Zia.

On 24 May 2007, Moeen Ahmed became the first serving four-star general in Bangladesh, promoted by then President Iajuddin Ahmed.


US Navy Adm. Timothy J. Keating, commander of U.S. Pacific Command, and Gen. Moeen U Ahmed, Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army, held a productive meeting at Army Headquarters, where they discussed important matters of mutual interest.

During his tenure, General Moeen made significant improvements to the army and was promoted to the rank of general. He also played a positive role in ensuring the smooth functioning of the caretaker government during a difficult period. He was instrumental in arranging voter ID cards, which helped to increase transparency and accountability in the electoral process.

Although there were some controversies during his tenure, General Moeen is widely acknowledged for his efforts to depoliticize the country and to combat corruption. His anti-corruption drive has been both praised and criticized, but it has undoubtedly helped to improve the country’s overall governance.

There were some unfortunate incidents during his tenure, including the killing of 57 military officers by the border guards of the country. General Moeen was deeply affected by this tragedy and worked to prevent such incidents from happening again in the future.

Overall, General Moeen is a dedicated and moderate-minded officer who has made significant contributions to the army and to the country. He has earned both praise and criticism, but his efforts to improve governance and combat corruption have undoubtedly made a positive impact.

Political Involvement

General Moeen worked towards building support for his regime by negotiating with political leaders. Former President Hussain Muhammad Earshad, who had been uneasy during the previous administrations, found comfort during this time and indicated a positive relationship with General Moeen. It is believed that they collaborated to implement the ‘Minus Two Formula’, an attempt to end the political careers of former prime ministers Begum Khaled Zia and Sheikh Hasina. In his book, General Moeen proposed his own version of democracy. However, it is not within his professional entitlement as a serving general to make such political prescriptions and is punishable in the Bangladesh Army, as in any other army. Nevertheless, General Moeen was able to grab power by keeping most structures intact and with tacit international support from diplomats in Dhaka. While initially he seemed to be imitating other military dictators, it was later revealed that his ambition was quite low and that he only wanted to retire after completing his normal tenure. President Pranab Mukharjee of India revealed in his autobiography how General Moeen humiliated himself before a foreign president to save his job and how he secured his job from Sheikh Hasina. This behavior of General Moeen is seen as treacherous by many critics. General Moeen’s lack of ambition could be due to his realization that his whole move could end in an indigestible political career. The involvement of diplomats in domestic politics went beyond diplomatic norms and contributed to the disrepute General Moeen earned, which may have induced his political ambition.

Minus-Two Formula

Based on US Embassy cables, former army chief Moeen Uddin Ahmed recognized the need for political party reforms in Bangladesh, despite the challenges of implementing them with Hasina or Khaleda in power. According to a cable sent by US Ambassador Patricia A Butenis on April 22, 2007, Moeen stated that senior members of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party had recently met with government officials and agreed that Khaleda Zia should step down. Additionally, while some political leaders claimed that the caretaker government’s actions were unconstitutional, the election held under their administration was deemed legitimate by the winning party.

Personal Life

Moeen Uddin Ahmed is married to Naznin Moeen. They have a son named Nihat Ahmed and a daughter Sabrina Ahmed. Moeen is currently living in the United States with his whole family.


● Songbidhan Padak
● Nirapattya Padak
● Dabanal Padak
● Uttoron Padak
● Independence Award
● Plaban 1988 Padak
● Ghurnijhar 1991 Padak
● Sangsadia Nirbachan 1991
● Sangsadia Nirbachan 1996
● Mahaplaban Padak 1998
● Silver Jubilee Medal
● Golden Jubilee Medal
● Jesthata Padak III
● Jesthata Padak II
● Jesthata Padak I
● UNAMIR Medal
● Order of National Security Merit


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