A BIOGRAPHY OF DR. MOHAMMED FAZLE RABBEE
(Cardiologist, Medical researcher)
(Professor of Cardiology and Internal Medicine at Dhaka medical college and hospital)
(21 September 1932 – 15 December 1971)
A BIOGRAPHY OF DR. MOHAMMED FAZLE RABBEE
On September 21, 1932, in Pabna District, Bengal Presidency, British India, Dr. Mohammed Fazle Rabbee was born. He was a particularly good student. He graduated from Pabna Zilla School in 1948 and Dhaka College HSC in 1950. He then proceeded to Dhaka Medical College, where he earned his MBBS in 1955. He graduated from medical school at an early age. As the student who scored the highest overall in Pakistan on the examination, Rabbee received a gold medal. On December 15, 1956, he graduated from Dhaka Medical College and Hospital as an assistant surgeon. He taught both internal medicine and cardiology at the Dhaka Medical College and Hospital. He was renowned for his forward-thinking ideas and unusual ideas for Bengali culture in the modern era. He was killed in the intellectual massacre that took place in 1971 in Bangladesh, carried out by the Pakistani army and its local allies, the Jamaat-affiliated Al-Badr militia.
- Born: 21 September 1932
- Place of Birth: Pabna District, Bengal Presidency, British India
- Known For:
- Progressive thinking and unconventional faith for a modern Bengali society
- Alma Mater:
- Pabna Zilla School
- Dhaka College
- Dhaka Medical College
- Affiliation: Faculty of Cardiology, Researcher, Dhaka Medical College, and Hospital
- Last Position: Professor of Medicine and Cardiology, Dhaka Medical College
- Awards: Gold medal in MBBS
- Death: 15 December 1971
Early Life and Education:
In the Bengal Presidency, British India’s Pabna District, Mohammed Fazle Rabbee was born on September 21, 1932. He was a good student. He graduated from Pabna Zilla School in 1948 and earned his high school diploma from Dhaka College in 1950. He continued to Dhaka Medical College where he graduated with his MBBS in 1955. He received his medical degree at a young age for his era. For receiving the top scores on the test in all of Pakistan, Rabbee received a gold medal. He was appointed an assistant surgeon at Dhaka Medical College and Hospital on December 15, 1956.
On January 8, 1957, Rabbee and Dr. Jahan Ara Rabbee got married. At the time, Jahan was a student at Dhaka Medical College. They had four kids, but the youngest passed away not long after he was born.
In 1955, Mohammed Fazle Rabbee graduated from Dhaka Medical College with an MBBS degree. He received his medical degree at a young age for his era. For receiving the top scores on the test in all of Pakistan, Rabbee received a gold medal. On December 15, 1956, he was appointed an assistant surgeon at the Dhaka Medical College and Hospital. In 1959, Rabbee was appointed Registrar of Medicine at Dhaka Medical College. He went to England for higher education in March 1960, where he obtained an MRCP in cardiology and a second one in internal medicine. By 1962, he had earned both of these postgraduate degrees in record speed. He did not go to London to get his MRCP; instead, he worked at the Hammersmith Hospital. After graduating, he worked at Middlesex Hospital alongside renowned British gastroenterologist Sir Francis Avery Jones. When Rabbee completed his academic work.On January 1st 1963, he made his way back to East Pakistan, where he was appointed associate professor of medicine at the Dhaka Medical College. He was quickly promoted to Professor of Medicine and Cardiology in 1968, being the youngest member of the MRCP staff to do so at the age of 36.
Fazle Rabbee excelled as both a physician and a researcher in medicine. People from all across the subcontinent came to him for help with diagnosing complicated ailments that local doctors were unable to diagnose or treat. He merged cutting-edge research with a holistic approach to wellness. This well-known physician provided free medical care, medication, transportation, and hospitalisation for his underprivileged patients. Because he spent the time to get to know his patients and grasp the underlying reasons of their clinical complaints, he was especially well-liked by both his young and older patients.
He also conducted study on medicine, and The Lancet and the British Medical Journal both published pieces based on that research. His works include “Spirometry in Tropical Pulmonary Eosinophilia” and “A Case of Congenital Hyperbilirubinemia in Pakistan.”
Politics and Individual Convictions:
Mohammed Fazle Rabbee was a scientific thinker with a forward-thinking worldview. His awareness of the oppression and tyranny of the Pakistani government towards its Bengali-speaking inhabitants was first brought on by the Language Movement in 1952. The Pakistani government used to oppress, starve, and ignore east Pakistan’s language, culture, and secular thought. Bengalis used to be denied opportunities for advancement, higher positions, and privileges in every field. He presented his ideas for a classless society in 1969 at the post-graduate Institute of Medicine in Dhaka. Students and colleagues were moved to tears by the top medical professor in Pakistan’s speech. Everyone was moved by the compelling speech to provide people who couldn’t pay for it access to high-quality medical treatment for nothing. After the speech, the Pakistani government arrested him and interrogated him. Rabbee was accused of being too well-liked by the troops. When East Pakistanis were most oppressed in 1970, Rabbee was given the Pakistan’s Best Professor award, which he declined to accept. When he and his wife visited Dhaka Medical College, where he worked, on March 27, 1971, and witnessed the enormity of the carnage the Pakistani army had carried out on defenceless citizens and Dhaka University staff, he was very troubled. He and his wife helped survivors of torture and rape, as well as the families of those who were slain, by providing money, medical care, surgery, lodging, and transportation costs to refugee camps.While he warned poet and activist Sufia Kamal to leave Dhaka at the beginning of December 1971, he chose to stay and was captured by the Pakistani Army and its allies. He was one among the academics and other notable individuals who, in Kamal’s words, “established their allegiance to their homeland by giving their life.”
- Gold medal in MBBS
When the Bangladesh Liberation War was coming to a close on December 15, 1971, Mohammed Fazle Rabbee was brutally murdered. He was taken from his house by the army of occupation in Pakistan and others who colluded with them. He was transported to the Mohammadpur Physical Training Institute before being killed alongside other intellectuals at Rayer Bazar.
- The primary dorms for Dhaka Medical College students were given the name Dr. Fazle Rabbi Hall in 1972.
- The refurbished South Gulshan Park was given the name Dr. Fazle Rabbi Park by the Municipal Corporation of Dhaka in 2015.
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