Literature & Writer



Golam Mostofa
(Bengali writer and poet)
(1897 – 13 October 1964)


Mostafa, Golam (1897-1964), poet and writer, was born in the village of Manoharpur in the Shailkupa Thana of Jessore (now Jhenaidaha), the son of Golam Rabbani and the grandson of Kazi Golam Sarwar, both folk poets.

Golam Mostafa was a talented writer of both prose and poetry, despite his reputation as a poet. Raktarag (1924), Khoshroj (1929), Kavya-Kahini (1932), Sahara (1936), Hasnahena (1938), Bulbulistan (1949), Tarana-i-Pakistan (1956), Baniadam (1958), Gitisanchalan (1968), and others are among his poetry works. He also translated Urdu poets Hali and Iqbal’s works, including Musaddas-i-Hali (1941), Kalame Iqbal (1957), and Shikwa O Jawab-i-Shikwa (1960). In 1958, he completed a translation of the Holy Quran. Islam O Jehad (1947), Islam O Communism (1946), Amar Chintadhara (1952), Pakistaner Rastrabhasa, and others are among his literary works. Bishwanabi (1942), a classic novel on the life of Prophet Muhammed (Sm), is frequently read aloud at milads.

Golam Mostafa’s poetry are distinguished by their lyrical nature and simple and creative delivery. He also wrote certain textbooks that were used in Bengal before it was split. At school, several of his poetry are required reading. He also wrote and sung songs inspired by the Pakistan cause, many of them were Islamic and nationalistic. He recorded several of his songs, including duets with Abbasuddin Ahmed. He was given the titles of ‘Kavya-Sudhakar’ (1952) by the Jessore Sangha and ‘Sitara-i-Imtiaz’ (1960) by the Pakistan Government in appreciation of his literary and cultural contributions.


Born: 1897
Place of Birth: In the village of Manoharpur in the Shailkupa Thana of Jessore (now Jhenaidaha)
Nationality: Pakistani
Religion: Islam
Shailkupa High School.
Ripon College
David Hare Training College
Father: Golam Rabbani ibn Sarwar
Grandfather: Qazi Golam Sarwar
Children: four sons and three daughters including
Mostafa Monowar
Mostafa Farooq (Pasha)
Died: 13 October 1964
Death Age: 66-67 Years
Reason of Death: Cerebral thrombosis
First Poem: Adrianople Uddhar
Notable Awards:
President Medal

Early Life and Education:

Mostofa was born in the hamlet of Manoharpur in Shailkupa Thana, which was then part of the Jessore District but is now part of Bangladesh’s Jhenaidah District. He was born into a Bengali Muslim family of literature aficionados who spoke Arabic and Persian in addition to Bengali. Golam Rabbani, his father, and Qazi Golam Sarwar, his grandfather, were also folk poets.

Mostofa completed his elementary school in Damukdia and subsequently studied at Fazilpur for two years. In 1913, he graduated from Shailkupa High School after passing the entrance exam. [1] In 1918, he received his BA from Ripon College, and in 1922, he received his BT from David Hare Training College.


In January 1920, Mostofa began teaching at Barrackpore Government High School. He transferred to the Calcutta Hare School and then the Calcutta Madrasa four years later. He rose through the ranks at the Baliganj Government Demonstration High School, finally becoming the school’s first Muslim headmaster. He proceeded to Bankura District School in 1940 and then to a number of other schools until retiring in 1949 as the headmaster of Faridpur Zila School.

In 1949, he was appointed secretary of the East Bengal Government’s Language Reform Committee. During the Language Movement of 1952, he backed Urdu as Pakistan’s national language, believing in the two-nation theory that served as the foundation for Pakistan’s objectives. [requires citation] One of his sources of motivation was his Islamic ancestry. Biswanabi (1942), a biography based on the life of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, brought him widespread acclaim.


Mostofa’s first poetry, Adrianople Uddhar, was published by The Mohammadi when he was in tenth school. He continued to write for the next forty-eight years. Poetry, biographies, novels, essays, and translations of Arabic and Urdu texts were among his works.
Roktorag (1924)
Khoshroz (1929)
Kabbo Kahini (1932)
Sahara (1936)
Hasnahena (1938)
Bulbulistan (1949)
Tarana-i-Pakistan (1956)
Bani Adam (1958)
Geeti Shonchalon (1968)
He Khoda Doyamoy Rahmanur Rahim
Badshah Tumi Deen O Duniyar, Nikhiler Chiro Shundor Srishti
Amar Muhammad Rasul
Bishwanabi (1942)
Ruper Nesha
Ek Mon Ek Pran
Islam O Communism (1946)
Islame Jehad (1947)
Amar Chintadhara (1952)
Maru Dulal
Musaddas-e-Hali (1941)
Kalam-e-Iqbal (1957)
Shikwa O Jowab-e-Shikwa (1960)
Al Quran (1958)
Joy Porajoy (Ikhwan As-Safa)

Personal Life:

Mostafa’s family consisted of four boys and three daughters. Mostafa Monowar, one of the sons, became a puppeteer and former director general of Bangladesh Television. Mostafa Farooq (Pasha), the youngest son of Kobi Golam Mostafa, was Bangladesh’s first pianist. He received his education at the Royal College of Music in London, England. In Poland, Karol Szymanowski’s 100th birthday is being commemorated. Mr. Farooq received a prestigious commemorial medal from the Minister of Culture and Art as a token of appreciation for introducing Polish Classical music to the nation. After earning his bachelor’s degree in music, he returned to Bangladesh and began working as a music teacher.

Syed Mainul Hossain, an architect who created Jatiyo Smriti Soudho in Savar, is the grandfather of Kobi Golam Mostafa. He is the great-grandfather of Nafees Bin Zafar, a Bangladeshi software engineer who won the Academy Scientific and Technical Award.

Death and Legacy:

Goalm Mostafa died of cerebral thrombosis on October 13, 1964, at the age of 67.

Mostafa’s ancestral house in Jhenaidah was threatened in 2014 by two land speculators who claimed partial ownership of the land. Many of Mostofa’s antiques, as well as rare pictures created by his second son Mostafa Aziz, the lone creator of the poet’s first pencil drawing, were discovered in a pitiful state in the village.

Though the Kabi Golam Mustafa Memorial Library acquired a concrete structure in the poet’s yard in 2008, built at a cost of Tk 1.70 million by the Zila Parishad, Jhenidah, there are almost no reading materials there. According to trustworthy sources, the poet’s parental property, including his paternal land and trees, is being surreptitiously auctioned.

Notable Awards:

  • Sitara-i-Imtiaz
  • President Medal


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